Agreement After Ww1

This secret agreement, reached less than two years after the start of the war, was negotiated by British and French diplomats Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot. The two countries decided to divide the Arab territories of the Ottoman Empire. France would take what Syria and Lebanon are now, and Britain would take what is now Iraq and Jordan with the Gulf countries it has already controlled. Palestine should be under international control. Signed in the German-occupied city of Brest-Litovsk – now Brest in Belarus – a December 1917 ceasefire ensued, sought by an overburdened Russia immediately after its Marxist revolution in October 1917. The number of Jews who emigrated to Palestine increased under British supervision, especially after Hitler`s power heritage in 1933. Resentment from arab states has also intensified. In late 1918, American, Belgian, British and French troops entered the Rhineland to enforce the ceasefire. [25] Before the treaty, the occupying power had about 740,000 men.

[111] [112] [113] [114] After the signing of the peace treaty, the number dropped dramatically and, until 1926, the occupying power had only 76,000 men. [115] As part of the 1929 negotiations, which later became a young plan, Stresemann and Aristide Briand negotiated the early withdrawal of the Rhineland Allies. [116] On June 30, 1930, after speeches and the lowering of the flags, the last troops of the Anglo-French occupying force withdrew from Germany. [117] During the Paris Peace Conference, three contracts were signed with members of the former central powers and two more were concluded after the official conclusion of the conference in January 1920. The Treaty of Versailles, signed on 28 June 1919, was the first and most significant. Despite the multiplicity of topics to be dealt with and the absence of a clear agenda, the “Big Four” saw Germany in the lead; On January 13, 1935, 15 years after the Saarland Basin was placed under the protection of the League of Nations, a referendum was held to determine the future of the territory. 528,105 votes were cast, 477,119 votes (90 per cent of the vote) for the Union with Germany; 46,613 votes were cast for the status quo and 2,124 for union with France. On March 1, 1935, the region returned to German sovereignty. When the result was announced, 4,100 people, including 800 refugees from Germany, fled to France. [n.

9] [110] There are now many political movements in the Middle East that are based on the idea that they were deprived of their chance to acquire their own national independence after the First World War. The Big Four themselves had competing objectives in Paris: Clemenceau`s main objective was to protect France from another attack by Germany. He called for severe reparations to Germany to limit Germany`s post-war economic recovery and minimize this possibility. Lloyd George, for his part, saw the reconstruction of Germany as a priority to restore the nation as a strong trading partner of Great Britain. For his part, Orlando wanted to extend Italy`s influence and transform it into a great power that could assert itself alongside other great nations. Mr. Wilson opposed Italy`s territorial claims as well as previous territorial agreements among the other allies; Instead, he wanted to create a new world order modelled on the Fourteen Points. Other leaders felt that Wilson was too naïve and idealistic, and his principles were difficult to implement in politics. In order to ensure compliance with the rules, the Rhineland and the bridgeheads east of the Rhine should be occupied by Allied troops for 15 years. [n. 34] If Germany had not committed aggression, there would have been an orchestrated withdrawal; After five years, the Cologne bridgehead and the area north of a line along the Ruhr would be evacuated.

After ten years, the bridgehead of Koblenz and the northern areas would be evacuated and, after fifteen years, the remaining Allied troops would be withdrawn. [n.