Article 2.4 Of The Tbt Agreement

10.7 When a member has reached an agreement with another country or country on issues related to technical regulations, standards or compliance assessment procedures that could have a significant impact on trade, at least one member of the agreement informs the other members, through the secretariat, of the food products covered by the agreement and a brief description of the agreement. Concerned members are invited to consult with other members on request to conclude similar agreements or to organize their participation in these agreements. In accordance with Article 1, this agreement applies to all industrial and agricultural products, with the exception of services, sanitary and plant health measures (as defined in the agreement on the application of sanitary and plant health measures) and “purchase specifications established by public authorities for production or consumption needs” (Article 1.4). [2] 6.3 Members are encouraged to be willing, at the request of other members, to enter into negotiations for mutual recognition agreements on the results of mutual compliance assessment procedures. Members may require these agreements to meet the criteria set out in paragraph 1 and to satisfy each other`s opportunities to facilitate trade in the products concerned. The CTA ensures that technical regulations, standards, testing and certification procedures do not create unnecessary trade barriers. The agreement prohibits technical requirements that are created to restrict trade, contrary to technical requirements created for legitimate purposes, such as consumer or environmental protection. [1] Its objective is to avoid unnecessary barriers to international trade and to recognize all WTO members in order to protect legitimate interests on the basis of their regulatory autonomy, although they encourage the application of international standards. The list of legitimate interests that may justify a trade restriction is not exhaustive and covers the protection of the environment, health and safety of people and animals. [1] Citizens of the parties to the dispute cannot be heard by a group of technical experts without the common agreement of the parties to the dispute, unless the group considers that the need for scientific expertise cannot be met by other means. Government officials of the parties to the dispute are not allowed to sit in a panel of technical experts.

Members of technical expert groups perform their individual duties and are not representatives of the government or representatives of an organization. Governments or organizations therefore do not instruct them on the issues in front of a group of technical experts. 5.1.1 Compliance assessment procedures are developed, accepted and applied in such a way as to allow suppliers of similar products from other Members to have access to conditions that are no less favourable than those granted to suppliers of similar products originating in another country in a comparable situation; Access includes the right of suppliers to conduct a compliance assessment in accordance with procedures, including, where required, the ability to conduct compliance assessment activities at the facility site and obtain the system label; n. The standard-setting body takes into account, when continuing to process the standard, the notices received during the notice period. Notices received by standards bodies that have accepted this code of conduct must be responded as quickly as possible upon request. The answer explains why it is necessary to deviate from relevant international standards. The scope of the OBT is the material scope (what measures to take), the personal scope (to which the measures apply) and the scope of the measures over time.