The Greek part of the Balkan route: Pressure & Resistance

September_2017_presentation

…how the creation of the Balkan route is connected to the Greek financial crisis

…what happened when people on the move came across the part of the greek population that (faced with the end of consumerism as we knew it) chose not fascism but humanity and solidarity and what was the reaction of the social movement in Greece

…how a radical/progressive government followed all EU recommendations and directives while at the same time continued standard Greek State politics on migration and kept posing as radical and progressive

…what is the situation today … what are the paths of resistance

Download pdf: September_2017_presentation_web_final


Still strangers in a bosses’ world

Clandestina is now focused in practical solidarity and analysis.
For daily news on migrants struggles you can check the Thessaloniki No Border Camp facebook page:
https://web.facebook.com/NoBorderCampThessaloniki2016/

In the summer of 2016, the Refugee to Refugee Call Center (R2R) was established in Thessaloniki:

http://www.callcenter.coop

https://web.facebook.com/Refugees-to-Refugees-R2R-Solidarity-Call-Center-1039101139520127/

You can read more about the trials of the 100 people arrested after the Thessaloniki No Border Camp (and about other similar cases) in the webpage “You can’t evict solidarity” that was created in the autumn of 2016:

https://cantevictsolidarity.noblogs.org/

You can find a collection of texts presented at the Thessaloniki No Border Camp here:

http://noborder2016.espivblogs.net/2017/08/02/a-collection-of-texts-presented-at-the-thessaloniki-no-border-camp-july-15-24-2016-updated-by-their-authors/


Greece is turning into “hot-spot”

The situation in Greece is further intensifying. 25,000 migrants stranded in Greece. “Hot-spots” and people walking and sleeping on the highways. Greek authorities announced that ferries will be held back on the islands and used as temporary accommodation. Apart from the over crowed camps close to the port there are also several hundred people accommodated in the ferry terminals of Piraeus. Meanwhile, the Slovenian authorities have announced to limit the daily influx of people to only 580 per day.

Read all updates here


Nato launches naval patrols to return migrants to Turkey

http://www.theguardian.com

Military alliance sends three warships, backed by planes, to intercept migrants and refugees in admission from EU that it is failing to cope with flow of people.

Nato has sent a patrol of three warships to intercept migrants trying to reach Greece by sea and send them back to Turkey, as Europe steps up efforts to contain the refugee crisis.

The mission has been agreed and ordered to the Aegean sea in less than 24 hours, an extremely rapid move for the alliance. Nato normally spends months deliberating over decisions and agreeing details.

The German-led patrol will be backed by planes that can monitor the flow of people attempting illegal crossings. Greece and Turkey have agreed that any migrants they intercept will be sent back.

“They will not be taken back to Greece. The aim of the group is to have them taken back to Turkey. That is the crucial difference,” said the British defence secretary, Michael Fallon.

“This is the first time we have seen a group tasked with returning migrants. That has not happened before. So that is quite an important development.”

The UK does not have any ships involved but is looking at how it could contribute, Fallon told journalists after a meeting of defence ministers in Brussels, where the plan was hammered out.

“It could definitely help save lives in the Aegean and it could help break the criminal gangs that are trafficking migrants from Turkey into Europe,” he added.

Nato and the EU have been keen to avoid any impression that they see refugees as a threat, and the alliance’s secretary general, Jens Stoltenberg, initially denied that the ships would try to stop people from crossing into Europe. “This is not about stopping or pushing back refugee boats,” he said.

Germany’s defence minister, Ursula von der Leyen, had already indicated she favoured a far more robust approach and had secured Ankara’s permission to send some refugees back to Turkey, the Deutsche Welle newspaper reported.

The ships are to be ordered to the Aegean to begin the mission “without delay”, and are expected to be in place on Friday, even though the details of their role are still being filled in, said US air force general Philip Breedlove.

The Nato flotilla will be led by the German navy’s flagship, the Bonn, supported by Turkey’s frigate Barbaros and the Canadian frigate, Fredericton.

“This mission has literally come together in about the last 20 hours,” Breedlove told journalists. “I have been tasked now to go back and define the mission, define the rules of engagement, define all of what we call special operation instructions, all of the things that will lay out what we are going to do.”

He declined to comment on whether the Nato crews would join local coastguards in rescuing migrants whose boats had sunk or were failing.

Turkey hosts more than 2.5 million Syrian refugees, and has warned that tens of thousands more who have fled a government advance on Aleppo were seeking to join them.

Greece, as the first point of entry for most people seeking asylum in Europe, is under concerted pressure from European governments to do much more to halt the influx of refugees and migrants from Turkey.

And Germany has been the main destination for new arrivals after Merkel decided in effect to open the country’s doors to Syrians last summer. When the numbers rose faster than expected, the country struggled to cope.

The refugee crisis has since pushed support for Merkel to a four-year low, and as thousands of people continue to pour across Germany’s borders, fewer than one in five Germans think the government is handling the challenge well.

efence ministers from the 28 countries in the US-led military alliance agreed in principle to the mission and have asked officials to look at a variety of options for establishing patrols along the Turkish and Greek coasts and other smuggling routes. Several member states have offered to send reinforcements to the three-ship mission.

Earlier this week, the International Organisation for Migration said 409 people had died so far this year trying to cross the sea to Europe, and that nearly 10 times as many refugees and migrants crossed in the first six weeks of 2016 as in the same period last year.

There have been concerns that a strong naval presence might encourage more people to attempt to reach Europe, as there would be a greater chance of being picked up in the event of boats sinking.

People smugglers in Libya told the Guardian last year that an increased military presence in the Mediterranean would not act as a deterrent.

Nato involvement is an admission that the EU, which is responsible at present for dealing with the influx of migrants, is struggling to cope with the numbers travelling by sea.

The alliance already has a strong naval presence in the eastern Mediterranean to help protect Turkey from any incursions from Syria.

 


January 2016: the deadliest month so far

January 2016 has been the deadliest month ever in the Aegean: 257 migrants have died in the cold sea. A dozen more migrants died either after reaching Europe or traveling to a launch point in Turkey and 26 migrants died trying to reach Italy.

On Saturday (30/1) 39 migrants died trying to reach the island of Lesvos.

On Thursday (28/01) 26 migrants died near the island of Samos.

On Wednesday (27/01) 7 migrants died near the island of Kos.